Use of the Blacklight in Identifying Antiques - Antiques with Gary StoverHave you ever wondered just what George II or Chippendale period actually mean. Many dealers and enthusiasts refer to furniture and works of art by which period they are from without actually divulging even roughly what year that means the article is from. Now that is fine if talking to a fellow dealer or even somebody with an in depth knowledge of history, but what about to the ordinary man on the street. How are they meant to know that Chippendale Period means around or that Regency Period means to ? Hopefully the following table will be a valuable resource to anybody trying to decipher a description they have been given or even anybody just trying to learn more about dates and styles of furniture.
The Empire Classical period influence is felt, but French Restoration lacks some of the ornamentation and fussiness of that period.
Determining the date of old furniture pieces can be tricky. Learn how to look at construction and How to Determine the Age of Antique Furniture. Tips for Dating Old Pieces Made in . 12 Periods of American Furniture. Popular British furniture movements and their approximate date ranges Furniture of the period was decorated with floral marquetry, walnut, and Left: William and Mary Burl Walnut Chest, 17th century at M.S. Rau Antiques. Furniture Periods & British Monarchs. Have you ever wondered just what George II or Chippendale period actually mean. Many dealers and enthusiasts refer to.
Design motifs continue to reflect an interest in the classics of Greece and Egypt. Chair backs are styled with curved and concave crest rails, making them a little more comfortable than earlier straight-back chairs. The use of bolster pillows and more upholstery is starting to emerge. The style was only popular in clusters, but did entice makers from larger metropolitan areas, such as Boston and New Orleans, to embrace the style. The Gothic Revival, This is relatively easy to identify for collectors.
It is one of the few styles that celebrates elements found in the corresponding architectural themes: turrets, pointed arches and quatrefoils—designs found in 12th through 16th centuries that were adapted to this mid-century furniture style. Furniture that had mechanical parts was also embraced by the Victorians of this era.
The woods preferred by makers of this period were walnut and oak, with some use of mahogany and rosewood.
The scale used ranged from large and grand to small and petite. Carved details gave dimension and interest. Carved decoration in the form of scallop shells, leaves and flowers, particularly roses, and acanthus further add to the ornamentation of this style of furniture. Legs and feet of this form are cabriole or scrolling. Other than what might be needed structurally, it is often difficult to find a straight element in Rococo Revival furniture.
The use of marble for tabletops was quite popular, but expect to find the corners shaped to conform to the overall scrolling form. To accomplish all this carving, walnut, rosewood, and mahogany were common choices. When lesser woods were used, they were often painted to reflect these more expensive woods. Some cast-iron elements can be found on furniture from this period, especially if it was cast as scrolls.
The style began in France and England, but eventually migrated to America where it evolved into two other furniture styles, Naturalistic and Renaissance Revival. Elizabethan, This sub-category of the Victorian era is probably the most feminine-influenced style. It also makes use of the new machine-turned spools and spiral profiles that were fast becoming popular with furniture makers.
New technology advancements allowed more machined parts to be generated. By adding flowers, either carved or painted, the furniture pieces of this era had a softness to them.
Chair backs tend to be high and narrow, having a slight back tilt.
Antique furniture periods and dating
Legs vary from straight to baluster-turned forms to spindle turned. This period of furniture design saw more usage of needlework upholstery and decoratively painted surfaces. However, this furniture style is not austere; it is adorned with ovals, arches, applied medallions, wreaths, garlands, urns and other Victorian flourishes. As the period aged, more ornamentation became present on the finished furniture styles.
Before you refinish antique furniture, it's important to evaluate whether it's worthy of saving. Learn to identify The finish on the wood can also date the piece. Style period definition for Antiques and Collectibles . While the magazine was filled with plans for up-to-date pieces that would look at home on the set of “Mad. Antique furniture periods and dating on AW Antiques and Collectibles.
Furniture of this time was made from more expensive woods, such as ebony or rosewood. Walnut was popular around the s.
Other dark woods were featured, often to contrast the lighter ornaments. Expect to find straight legs or fluted and slightly tapered legs. Naturalistic, This furniture period takes the scrolling effects of the Rococo Revival designs and adds more flowers and fruits to the styles. More detail is spent on the leaves—so much that one can tell if they are to represent grape, rose or oak leaves.
Technology advances enhanced this design style, as manufacturers developed a way of laminating woods together. This layered effect was achieved by gluing thin layers together, with the grains running at right angles on each new layer.
The thick panels created were then steamed in molds to create the illusion of carving. The woods used as a basis for the heavy ornamentation were mahogany, walnut and some rosewood.
Upholstery of this period is often tufted, eliminating any large flat surface. The name of John Henry Belter is often connected with this period, for it was when he did some of his best design work. John and Joseph W. Meeks also enjoyed success with laminated furniture. Original labels bearing these names are sometimes found on furniture pieces from this period, giving further provenance.How to date antique furniture- Shaker chest of drawers
Renaissance Revival, Furniture made in this style period reflects how cabinetmakers interpreted 16th- and 17th-century designs. Their motifs range from curvilinear and florid early in the period to angular and almost severe by the end of the period. Dark woods, such as mahogany and walnut, were primary with some use of rosewood and ebony. Walnut veneer panels were a real favorite in the s designs. Upholstery, usually of a more generous nature, was also often incorporated into this design style.
Ornamentation and high relief carving included flowers, fruits, game, classical busts, acanthus scrolls, strapwork, tassels and masks. Architectural motifs, such as pilasters, columns, pediments, balusters and brackets, are another prominent design feature.
Antique furniture is named by the British period and is influenced by the British Monarch. Here is a list of dates –. Dates – British Monarch.
Legs are usually cabriole or have substantial turned profiles. It is characterized by elements reminiscent of Greek architecture, such as pilasters, flutes, column, acanthus, foliate scrolls, Greek key motifs and anthemion high-relief carving. This style originated with the French, but was embraced by American furniture manufacturers.
Woods are dark and often ebonized. Ornamentation may be gilded or bronzed. Legs tend to be curved to scrolled or cloven hoof feet. Eastlake, This design style is named for Charles Locke Eastlake, who wrote a popular book in called Hints on Household Taste. It was originally published in London. One of his principles was the relationship between function, form and craftsmanship.
Shapes of furniture from this style tend to be more rectangular. Ornamentation was created through the use of brackets, grooves, chamfers and geometric designs. American furniture manufacturers were enthusiastic about this style, since it was so easy to adapt for mass production.
Woods used were again dark, but more native woods, such as oak, maple and pine, were incorporated. Legs and chair backs are straighter, often with incised decoration.
English Antique Furniture organized by period. Browse a variety of periods to find the antique from your desired time period. To help understand what defines each period of antique furniture styles, here are some of the major design elements for each style. Aug 24, Style Periods and Dates. Collectors Guide To Antique Furniture Styles: Custom Doors, Gates, Furniture, Pool . How to date dovetail drawers.
The style embraces both straight and angular with some pieces that are much more fluid, reflecting several earlier design periods. This era saw the wide usage of turned moldings and dark woods, but this time stained to imitate ebony and lacquer. The growing Oriental influence is seen in furniture from this period, including the use of bamboo, which was imported and included in the designs. Legs tend to be straight; feet tend to be small. And, for those desiring the look, good quality modern furniture is also made in this style.
Their furniture designs often overlapped into architectural and interior design, including rugs, textiles and other accessories. Finishes were natural, fumed or painted. Hardware was often made in copper.
Legs are straight and feet are small, if present at all, as they were often a simple extension of the leg.
Some inlay of natural materials was used, such as silver, copper and abalone shells. Art Nouveau, Just as the Art Nouveau period is known for women with long hair, flowers and curves, so is Art Nouveau furniture.
The Paris Exposition of introduced furniture styles reflecting what was happening in the rest of the design world, such as jewelry and silver. This style of furniture was not warmly embraced, as the sweeping lines were not very conducive to mass production. The few manufacturers that did interpret it for their factories found interest to be slight in America.
The French held it in higher esteem. Legs tend to be sweeping or cabriole. Upholstery becomes slimmer. Lines are crisp, with some use of controlled curves. When hand planes were used to smooth woods, they more often than not left some sort of uneven surface. As discussed above, this is especially evident on the back or underside of pieces made prior to the mids. Cuts and nicks can also leave proof that hand chisels and other tools operated with sheer elbow grease were used to shape woods.
Manually operated hand saws left a straighter pattern in comparison. Looking for other signs of age is also wise in addition to indicators of hand craftsmanship. For instance, oak was used in furniture made prior to Aftermahogany and walnut were very popular.
Moving into the s, maple and cherry showed up in fine furniture manufacture quite often.
Antique Furniture – Dates
Many Victorian furniture manufacturers used mahogany and rosewood through the late s. Then, aroundoak became very popular again. Can you circa date solely on the type of wood used? Absolutely not. Honing your wood identification skills can really pay off in this area.
Silk, wool, and cotton have been spun and woven into a variety of damasks, satins, and brocades with many different patterns. Schwartz now out of print, but available through used booksellers for more clues about fabric designs used at different periods in furniture history.
So if you find a furniture item using screws that have completely rounded shafts, pointed ends, and perfectly finished heads with matching cuts much like a screw you would purchase todaythe piece likely dates to the midth century or later.
Screws made from about through the mids were partially machine made giving the threading a more even appearance, according to Taylor. But the heads were still finished with hacksaws to add the groove to fit a screwdriver like those made even earlier, so no two are exactly alike. The first screws were crafted in the s by blacksmiths using square nail stock that was heated and pounded until it was somewhat round.
The tips were blunt in these oldest screws, and each one was unique.