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Identifying Antique Furniture and Furnishings -

Secrets to Date & Value Antique Furniture by Dr. Lori

Antique Furniture is one of the most fascinating sections of antique collecting. We buy what we like. Most antique furniture tends to be purchased by ordinary everyday people, rather than dedicated antique furniture collectors. In other words, more vintage furniture is acquired for its beauty and function rather than the profit potential of a piece. But whether you are looking for a piece of antique furniture for your home or looking for something to sell on; to become knowledgeable about identifying antique furniture takes research. And that is even if you are focusing on only one aspect of this very diverse subject.

There are many different styles of furniture, and each type has distinguishing features. For the most part, the furniture you'll encounter will probably be limited to traditional English and American Colonial styles; you aren't likely to find a Louis XV chair at a garage sale.

How to Identify Antique Wooden Furniture

The basic English and American styles run the gamut from ornate to severely functional, from massive to delicate. Just remember, if you like it, the style is right. Technically, an antique is a piece of furniture with special value because of its age, particularly those pieces embellished with fine artistry.

While the magazine was filled with plans for up-to-date pieces that would look at home on antique furniture screw types Authentic wood pegs are never round. To help understand what defines each period of antique furniture styles, The most popular wood used in this period was mahogany, with. To determine the age of your antique furniture, note the materials that were used in its manufacturing. Expert antique collectors generally check the type of wood.

The age factor is subjective: general antique stores label objects 50 years or older as antiques. Fine antique dealers consider objects years and older to be antique.

In the East, an antique is Queen Anne or earlier; in the West, it's any piece of furniture that came across the mountains in a wagon. A southern antique is a piece made before the Civil War.

Wherever you look, it's a sure bet that you won't find a genuine antique from or What you may find is a genuine reproduction, and these can be extremely valuable. There are several ways you can spot an antique.

The first giveaway is the joinery; machine-cut furniture wasn't made until about If the piece has drawers, remove a drawer and look closely where the front and back of the drawer are fastened to the sides of the drawer. If a joint was dovetailed by hand, it has only a few dovetails, and they aren't exactly even; if it has closely spaced, precisely cut dovetails, it was machine-cut.

How to date antique furniture- Shaker chest of drawers

Handmade dovetails almost always indicate a piece made before Look carefully at the bottom, sides, and back of the drawer; if the wood shows nicks or cuts, it was probably cut with a plane, a spokeshave, or a drawknife. Straight saw marks also indicate an old piece.

Absolutely not. Honing your wood identification skills can really pay off in this area.

Silk, wool, and cotton have been spun and woven into a variety of damasks, satins, and brocades with many different patterns. Schwartz now out of print, but available through used booksellers for more clues about fabric designs used at different periods in furniture history.

With a bit of research and a close inspection of wood and hardware, you can roughly determine the age of antique furniture. When you want to refinish old wooden furniture, the best place to look is the family storeroom: Check the attic, The finish on the wood can also date the piece. dating of wood, scientific dating of wood, dating wood by spectroscopy. way for determining the age of antiques is based on the deterioration or modification of the . paintings and frames. icons. beams. musical instruments. furniture. statues.

So if you find a furniture item using screws that have completely rounded shafts, pointed ends, and perfectly finished heads with matching cuts much like a screw you would purchase todaythe piece likely dates to the midth century or later.

Screws made from about through the mids were partially machine made giving the threading a more even appearance, according to Taylor.

But the heads were still finished with hacksaws to add the groove to fit a screwdriver like those made even earlier, so no two are exactly alike. The first screws were crafted in the s by blacksmiths using square nail stock that was heated and pounded until it was somewhat round. The tips were blunt in these oldest screws, and each one was unique.

If you find these hand finished screws in furniture, investigate other aspects of the pieces to see if they match the screws in age. Other brass hardware can be an indicator of age as well. The backs of this type of hardware were often left with the impression of the sand while the surfaces were polished.

Early 19th century brasses will also exhibit a rough texture, finish, and threading akin to the screws mentioned above while modern hardware will not. Dating of ivory.

The scientific laboratory in Milan and its branch. Acknowledged value of the method and FAQ. Today it is possible to recognize authentic ivory very easily Musical instrument in ivory, Africa Buddha temple, China ivory Classification of the material Sometimes, in addition to elephant tusks, the horns of other animals and some kinds of bone are inaccurately included in the category of ivory.

Furthermore, increasingly perfect synthetic materials are being produced today which cannot be distinguished from ivory by their appearance alone.

Dating antique wood furniture

All these materials consist of distinct molecules which can be recognized simply and clearly using spectrographic analysis see fig. Contacts: in Milan: Dr. Peter Matthaes pr museoartescienza. Martin Matthaes mm museoartescienza.

For the antiques collector, identifying antique furniture is one of the most fascinating aspects of antique The finish on the wood can also date the piece. Determining the date of old furniture pieces can be tricky. such as minor nicks indicative of a hand plane being used to smooth out the wood.

Ivory is characterized by its hardness, compactness, lustre and resilience, characteristics due to its chemical composition. The main element is represented by inorganic substances such as phosphate and calcium fluoride, the age of which is not measurable. But there are also organic substances present which undergo change with the passage of time according to biological laws.

Analytical dating methods can thus be applied to the latter focusing on selected and measurable molecules.

How to Determine the Age of Antique Furniture

The application of spectroscopic analysis for the dating of organic materials is patented It. Patent Nr. Matthaes, Dating of an ivory object: Euro For more information: www.

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